March 2, 2024

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory condition of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. It takes two forms, and they are periodontitis and gingivitis. Gingivitis is the milder form of periodontal disease characterized by inflammation only below the gum line or along the gum margins. Periodontitis, on the other hand, is a much more serious form that involves inflammation not only below but also above the gum line, which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.

A lack of proper care in the case of periodontal disease will cause more problems in the future and can affect your overall health. So, if you see any symptoms of this condition, it is essential to seek periodontal care in Aurora, IL, from an experienced dentist for proper treatment. 

Let us now see into the common causes of periodontal disease.

  • Use of tobacco products, including cigarettes, cigars, and chewing tobacco

Tobacco products may cause severe damage to the gums and can lead to a range of problems like gum recession, bad breath, tooth loss, and various other dental problems. These products also contain nicotine, which can cause chronic inflammation of the gums and lead to periodontal disease.

  • Chronic alcohol use

Excessive alcohol consumption can cause chronic inflammation of the gums. Several studies have found a correlation between severe gum disease and excessive alcohol intake. You should at least limit alcohol consumption, if not quit it altogether.

  • Poor oral hygiene

One of the major causes of periodontal disease is poor oral hygiene. It is essential to brush your teeth two times a day, using a soft bristle toothbrush, and floss regularly to prevent the accumulation of plaque on your teeth. Also, do not forget to schedule regular dental checkups for cleanings and dental examinations. 

  • Nutritional deficiencies

Certain vitamins and minerals like calcium, vitamin C, zinc, magnesium, and phosphorous are essential to maintain good oral health. A deficiency of these nutrients in your diet is one of the most common causes of gum inflammation, leading to periodontal disease.

  • Dry mouth

Dry mouth is another cause of periodontal disease. It is a condition in which your mouth does not produce saliva in the normal amount. Saliva helps neutralize acids and removes food particles and other bacteria from your mouth to avoid the accumulation of plaque. So, lack of saliva or dry mouth can increase the risk of periodontal disease.

  • Genetics

Periodontal disease could be hereditary. If one of your parents or siblings had the disease, it is likely you might have it as well.

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