Hyperpigmentation appears anywhere on your body as dark patches. It can impact people of any skin type. It can occur when your skin produces extra melanin, which gives your skin color. The excess pigment is then stored deep within your skin, making it look darker than other areas of your skin. Sometimes, this kind of skin pigmentation may not be harmful, but it can be a sign of another severe condition. Thus, if you have skin pigmentation, you must see a skin specialist as soon as possible. Also, you need the right KB Pure skincare products that can help address your skin issues.
Common Causes of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation can occur due to the following:
- Sun damage. The sun’s UV rays can harm your skin and cause the appearance of aging signs. Hyperpigmentation is one of these signs because of prolonged exposure to the sun.
- Melasma. Dark patches on the face can be a result of hormonal changes. Often, they are associated with pregnancy hormones.
- Medical conditions. Sometimes, hyperpigmentation occurs as a symptom of Addison’s disease and other underlying medical conditions. Also, it can develop because of metabolic conditions like vitamin deficiencies, like folic acid and vitamin B12 as well as conditions such as hemochromatosis.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Your skin can produce dark spots after healing itself from an inflammatory condition like eczema or acne.
While hyperpigmentation is not always preventable, you can take steps to prevent some instances of this condition. These steps include:
- Avoiding direct sunlight. Especially during peak hours, do not directly expose yourself to the sun. Find a shade or use an umbrella to protect your skin and reduce sun exposure.
- Ensure your skincare routine includes Vitamin C. Vitamin C can brighten skin and has anti-aging properties that neutralize free radicals. Also, it can limit sun damage.
- Apply SPF. Use sunscreen with at least SPF30 every day, even in winter, to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful UV rays.
- Avoid touching your skin if possible. Scratching your skin can lead to inflammation and darker pigmentation on the face. Thus, you should try not to touch your skin. And if you have to touch your skin, wash your hands first.
Treatment for Hyperpigmentation
Some skincare products and ingredients can help reduce or eliminate the appearance of dark spots. These include the following:
- Niacinamide or vitamin B3. This skincare ingredient can minimize the appearance of hyperpigmentation and boost the glow of your skin. Products with this ingredient can also have SPF for skin protection.
- Retinol. This ingredient accelerates natural skin cell turnover. In many skincare products, it is combined with Vitamin B3 to come up with a powerful formula to address hyperpigmentation.