July 15, 2024

Health Insurance Tax Benefits Under Section 80D

Getting health insurance is like having a safety net for unexpected medical costs. In India, many people use their savings to pay for medical bills, which can lead to financial problems. To motivate people to get health insurance plans, the government offers tax benefits through Section 80D of the Income Tax Act, helping them save money while ensuring they are financially protected in case of medical expenses.

Section 80D of the Income Tax Act provides a tax deduction for individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) in India. This deduction is applicable to the premiums paid for medical insurance during the financial year. It encompasses not only regular health insurance plans but also includes additional coverage plans like top-up health plans and critical illness plans.

Understanding Section 80D

The key advantage of Section 80D is that the deductions it offers are separate from the Rs 1.5 lakh limit applicable under Section 80C, which covers various other investments and expenses.

Who can claim tax deduction under section 80D

Individuals and HUFs are eligible to claim this deduction, meaning they can reduce their taxable income by the amount spent on health insurance premiums. It is crucial to understand that entities such as companies or firms are not entitled to claim this Mediclaim deduction under Section 80D. This provision aims to encourage individuals and families to invest in health insurance, providing financial relief while promoting overall well-being.

Deductions allowed under Section 80D
Section 80D allows individuals or Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) to claim tax deductions for the following:

  • Premiums paid for health insurance plans covering oneself, spouse, children, and parents.
  • Payments made for preventive health check-ups.
  • Medical expenses incurred on the health maintenance of senior citizens in the absence of medical insurance.
  • Contributions made to any government health insurance scheme.

Tax deduction limit under Section 80D 

Under Section 80D, individuals can avail of a medical insurance tax benefit of up to Rs 25,000 per financial year. This section also allows an additional deduction of Rs 5,000 for expenses related to preventive health check-ups, within the overall limit of Rs 25,000 or Rs 50,000, as applicable. For individuals aged 60 years and above (senior citizens), the deduction limit is increased to Rs 50,000. This limit covers health insurance premiums paid for oneself, spouse, and dependent children.

For example, consider 40-year-old Suresh, who paid a health insurance premium of Rs 35,000. According to Section 80D, he can claim a tax deduction of Rs 25,000 since he is below 60 years old. On the other hand, if Suresh’s 65-year-old father paid Rs 55,000 for medical insurance, he can claim a deduction of Rs 50,000 due to being a senior citizen.

For Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs), the tax deduction is Rs 25,000 if the policyholder is below 60 years old and Rs 50,000 if the policyholder is a senior citizen.

Tax deduction limit under Section 80D on health insurance for parents

Section 80D permits a tax deduction on health insurance premiums paid for parents. Individuals can claim a deduction of up to Rs 25,000 per financial year for premiums paid for parents. However, if one or both parents are senior citizens, the allowable deduction increases to Rs 50,000.

For instance, consider Jitendra, who bought a health insurance plan worth Rs 53,000 for his parents, aged 62 years and 58 years. In this scenario, Jitendra can claim a tax deduction of Rs 50,000 for the health insurance premium paid for his parents.

Preventive check ups under Section 80D

Preventive health check-ups involve regular medical examinations aimed at detecting potential illnesses early on and minimizing risk factors. To promote proactive health monitoring, the government introduced tax deductions for preventive health check-ups under Section 80D in the fiscal year 2013-24. This tax benefit applies to payments made for preventive health check-ups for oneself, spouse, children, and parents.

According to Section 80D, individuals can claim a tax deduction of up to Rs 5,000 per financial year for preventive health check-ups. It’s important to note that this deduction is within the overall Section 80D limit of Rs 25,000 for individuals and Rs 50,000 for senior citizens.

Let’s take an example to illustrate how Section 80D works:

Meet Prashant, who has a family of six members – himself (35), wife (34), two children (11 and 7), father (63), and mother (59). Prashant opted for a family floater health insurance plan covering him, his wife, and children, with an annual premium of Rs 30,000. Additionally, he paid Rs 52,000 for his parent’s medical insurance. Furthermore, Prashant spent Rs 15,000 on his health check-up and Rs 10,000 for his parents’ health check-up.

Now, let’s break down the potential deductions under Section 80D:

Family Health Insurance Premium: Prashant can claim a deduction of up to Rs 25,000 for the family health insurance premium (since he is below 60 years old).

Parents’ Health Insurance Premium: Prashant can claim a deduction of up to Rs 25,000 for his parent’s health insurance premium (since they are not senior citizens).

Preventive Health Check-ups: Prashant can claim a deduction of up to Rs 5,000 for his health check-up and an additional deduction of up to Rs 5,000 for his parent’s health check-up.

In total, Prashant can potentially claim a deduction of Rs 60,000 (Rs 25,000 + Rs 25,000 + Rs 5,000 + Rs 5,000) under Section 80D for the specified medical expenses.

Final word

For claiming Section 80D deductions, it’s crucial to remember that medical insurance tax benefits apply only to medical insurance premiums paid for oneself, spouse, children, and parents. Premiums for relatives beyond this scope, including siblings, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and working children, do not qualify. When both you and a parent contribute to the premium, each can claim deductions for their respective payments. Deductions must be calculated without considering the service tax and cess portion. Group health insurance from the employer is not eligible for this deduction, and premiums paid through non-cash modes like credit cards or online transactions are permissible for claiming benefits.


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